A Guide for the Feast of Passover

Feast of Pesach (Passover)

A Guide for Believers in Yeshua

  • To begin with, all foods that contain leaven in them should be removed from the home.
  • Also, sin and false teachings are the leaven in our lives that should also be removed.
  • Make or buy unleavened bread, wine or juice, and bitter herbs like parsley or kale. These will be used in the Passover celebration.
  • Make a special meal without leaven in it.
    • This meal you may choose to have lamb or not.
    • When the requirement for eating of the Passover lamb was stated in Deuteronomy it is given as a commandment to eat it only “in the place which YHWH shall choose to cause His name to dwell” (Deuteronomy 16:1-7), namely the Holy city of Jerusalem where the tabernacle or temple would be permanently placed.
    • At this point it is only a memorial of what was commanded and for preparation for when it will be reestablished in the Millennial Reign.

 

  1. The Blessings as we begin

Blessed are you YHWH our God, King Eternal,

who has sanctified us with your commandments

and has commanded us to keep the Passover.

We thank you for your deliverance and salvation

as we remember your Passover.

Amen

 

  • Pour the first cup of wine/juice this is called the “Cup of Sanctification”.
  • Say the blessing:

 

Blessed are you YHWH our God, King Eternal,

who creates the fruit of the vine. We thank you

For keeping us alive, sustaining us, and bringing

Us to this season. Sanctify us by your Word, and

By the blood of the Lamb.

Amen

 

  • The wine/juice represents the shed blood of Yeshua that sanctifies us.
  • Here we drink the Cup of Sanctification.

 

  1. Eating of the bitter herbs

 

  • The bitter herbs represent remembrance of the bitter slavery in Egypt and of our bitter slavery to sin.
  • Say the blessing:

 

Blessed are you YHWH our God, King Eternal,

Who has sanctified us by your commandments

And commanded us to eat bitter herbs.

Amen

 

  • Take a bite of the bitter herbs. This can be done with the unleavened bread if desired.

 

  1. Washing with water

 

  • Everyone can choose to wash thier hands or wash the feet of everyone as was done by the messiah at the “Last Supper”.
  • This represents purification of those who wish to join in the holiness of the feast.
  • Also reminds us of the Red Sea crossing and of our baptism in Yeshua.

 

  1. Breaking of the Unleavened Bread

 

  • Yeshua used the bread to represent His broken, unleavened body.
  • We select the best piece and place it under a cloth to represent His death and burial.
  • Later we will “resurrect” this piece as the culmination of our Passover.

 

  1. The Cup of Instruction

 

  • Pour the second cup of wine/juice called the “Cup of Instruction”.
  • At this time begin reading the story of the Passover starting with Moses:

 

“Now these are the names of the sons of Israel, who came into Egypt (every man and his household came with Jacob): Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,

All the souls who came out of Jacob’s body were seventy souls, and Joseph was in Egypt already.

Joseph died, as did all his brothers, and all that generation.

The children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who didn’t know Joseph. He said to his people, “Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we. Come, let’s deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it happen that when any war breaks out, they also join themselves to our enemies and fight against us, and escape out of the land.” Therefore, they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. They built storage cities for Pharaoh: Pithom and Ramses. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out. They started to dread the children of Israel. The Egyptians ruthlessly made the children of Israel serve, and they made their lives bitter with hard service in mortar and in brick, and in all kinds of service in the field, all their service, in which they ruthlessly made them serve. The king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah, and he said, “When you perform the duty of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them on the birth stool, if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” But the midwives feared God and didn’t do what the king of Egypt commanded them but saved the baby boys alive. The king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said to them, “Why have you done this thing and saved the boys alive?” The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women aren’t like the Egyptian women; for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife comes to them.” God dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied, and grew very mighty. Because the midwives feared God, he gave them families.

Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “You shall cast every son who is born into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive.”’

‘A man of the house of Levi went and took a daughter of Levi as his wife. The woman conceived and bore a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him three months. When she could no longer hide him, she took a papyrus basket for him, and coated it with tar and with pitch. She put the child in it and laid it in the reeds by the river’s bank. His sister stood far off, to see what would be done to him. Pharaoh’s daughter came down to bathe at the river. Her maidens walked along by the riverside. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her servant to get it. She opened it, and saw the child, and behold, the baby cried. She had compassion on him, and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.” Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Should I go and call a nurse for you from the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for you?” Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go.” The young woman went and called the child’s mother. Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child away, and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.” The woman took the child and nursed it. The child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. She named him Moses, and said, “Because I drew him out of the water.” In those days, when Moses had grown up, he went out to his brothers and saw their burdens. He saw an Egyptian striking a Hebrew, one of his brothers. He looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no one, he killed the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. He went out the second day, and behold, two men of the Hebrews were fighting with each other. He said to him who did the wrong, “Why do you strike your fellow?” He said, “Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you plan to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian?” Moses was afraid, and said, “Surely this thing is known.” Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to kill Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and lived in the land of Midian, and he sat down by a well. Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came and drew water and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. The shepherds came and drove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock. When they came to Reuel, their father, he said, “How is it that you have returned so early today?” They said, “An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and moreover he drew water for us, and watered the flock.” He said to his daughters, “Where is he? Why is it that you have left the man? Call him, that he may eat bread.” Moses was content to dwell with the man. He gave Moses Zipporah, his daughter. She bore a son, and he named him Gershom, for he said, “I have lived as a foreigner in a foreign land.” In the course of those many days, the king of Egypt died, and the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up to God because of the bondage. God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. God saw the children of Israel, and God was concerned about them.’

‘Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to God’s mountain, to Horeb. The Lord’s angel appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the middle of a bush. He looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. Moses said, “I will go now, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.” When the Lord saw that he came over to see, God called to him out of the middle of the bush, and said, “Moses! Moses!” He said, “Here I am.” He said, “Don’t come close. Take off your sandals, for the place you are standing on is holy ground.” Moreover, he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Moses hid his face because he was afraid to look at God. The Lord said, “I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey; to the place of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. Now, behold, the cry of the children of Israel has come to me. Moreover, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.” Moses said to God, “Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?” He said, “Certainly I will be with you. This will be the token to you, that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.” Moses said to God, “Behold, when I come to the children of Israel, and tell them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what should I tell them?” God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM,” and he said, “You shall tell the children of Israel this: ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” God said moreover to Moses, “You shall tell the children of Israel this, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations. Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and tell them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt. I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.”’ They will listen to your voice. You shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and you shall tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Now please let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord, our God.’ I know that the king of Egypt won’t give you permission to go, no, not by a mighty hand. I will reach out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do among them, and after that he will let you go. I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, and it will happen that when you go, you shall not go empty-handed. But every woman shall ask of her neighbor, and of her who visits her house, jewels of silver, jewels of gold, and clothing. You shall put them on your sons, and on your daughters. You shall plunder the Egyptians.”’

‘Moses answered, “But, behold, they will not believe me, nor listen to my voice; for they will say, ‘The Lord has not appeared to you.’” The Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” He said, “A rod.” He said, “Throw it on the ground.” He threw it on the ground, and it became a snake; and Moses ran away from it. The Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand, and take it by the tail.” He stretched out his hand, and took hold of it, and it became a rod in his hand. “This is so that they may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.” The Lord said furthermore to him, “Now put your hand inside your cloak.” He put his hand inside his cloak, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous, as white as snow. He said, “Put your hand inside your cloak again.” He put his hand inside his cloak again, and when he took it out of his cloak, behold, it had turned again as his other flesh. “It will happen, if they will not believe you or listen to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign. It will happen, if they will not believe even these two signs or listen to your voice, that you shall take of the water of the river and pour it on the dry land. The water which you take out of the river will become blood on the dry land.” Moses said to the Lord, “O Lord, I am not eloquent, neither before now, nor since you have spoken to your servant; for I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue.” The Lord said to him, “Who made man’s mouth? Or who makes one mute, or deaf, or seeing, or blind? Isn’t it I, the Lord? Now therefore go, and I will be with your mouth, and teach you what you shall speak.” Moses said, “Oh, Lord, please send someone else.” The Lord’s anger burned against Moses, and he said, “What about Aaron, your brother, the Levite? I know that he can speak well. Also, behold, he is coming out to meet you. When he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. You shall speak to him and put the words in his mouth. I will be with your mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what you shall do. He will be your spokesman to the people. It will happen that he will be to you a mouth, and you will be to him as God. You shall take this rod in your hand, with which you shall do the signs.” Moses went and returned to Jethro his father-in-law, and said to him, “Please let me go and return to my brothers who are in Egypt and see whether they are still alive.” Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” The Lord said to Moses in Midian, “Go, return into Egypt; for all the men who sought your life are dead.” Moses took his wife and his sons, and set them on a donkey, and he returned to the land of Egypt. Moses took God’s rod in his hand. The Lord said to Moses, “When you go back into Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the wonders which I have put in your hand, but I will harden his heart and he will not let the people go. You shall tell Pharaoh, ‘The Lord says, Israel is my son, my firstborn, and I have said to you, “Let my son go, that he may serve me;” and you have refused to let him go. Behold, I will kill your firstborn son.’” On the way at a lodging place, the Lord met Moses and wanted to kill him. Then Zipporah took a flint, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet; and she said, “Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me.” So, he let him alone. Then she said, “You are a bridegroom of blood,” because of the circumcision. The Lord said to Aaron, “Go into the wilderness to meet Moses.” He went, and met him on God’s mountain, and kissed him. Moses told Aaron all the Lord’s words with which he had sent him, and all the signs with which he had instructed him. Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel. Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses and did the signs in the sight of the people. The people believed, and when they heard that the Lord had visited the children of Israel, and that he had seen their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped.’–Exodus 1-4

  • From here we read that since God had sent Moses to ask Pharaoh to let the people go that Pharaoh hardened his heart and God sent 10 judgments on Egypt:
  1. Blood
  2. Frogs
  3. Gnats
  4. Flies
  5. Diseased cattle
  6. Boils
  7. Hail
  8. Locusts
  9. Darkness
  10. And the death of the firstborn
  • Continue the story with the commandment of Passover:

 

‘The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, “This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth day of this month, they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household; and if the household is too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbor next to his house shall take one according to the number of the souls. You shall make your count for the lamb according to what everyone can eat. Your lamb shall be without defect, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats. You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at evening. They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two door posts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they shall eat it. They shall eat the meat in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs. Don’t eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs, and its inner parts. You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. This is how you shall eat it: with your belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord’s Passover. For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal. I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. The blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are. When I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. This day shall be a memorial for you. You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord. You shall keep it as a feast throughout your generations by an ordinance forever. “‘Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away yeast out of your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. In the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no kind of work shall be done in them, except that which every man must eat, only that may be done by you. You shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this same day I have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore, you shall observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance forever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty first day of the month at evening. There shall be no yeast found in your houses for seven days, for whoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a foreigner, or one who is born in the land. You shall eat nothing leavened. In all your habitations you shall eat unleavened bread.’” Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, “Draw out, and take lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover. You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin and strike the lintel and the two door posts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two door posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you. You shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons forever. It shall happen when you have come to the land which the Lord will give you, as he has promised, that you shall keep this service. It will happen, when your children ask you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ that you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and spared our houses.’” The people bowed their heads and worshiped. The children of Israel went and did so; as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. At midnight, the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock. Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead. He called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise up, get out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as you have said! Take both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also!” ‘

‘The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, “This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth day of this month, they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household; and if the household is too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbor next to his house shall take one according to the number of the souls. You shall make your count for the lamb according to what everyone can eat. Your lamb shall be without defect, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats. You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at evening. They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two door posts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they shall eat it. They shall eat the meat in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs. Don’t eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs, and its inner parts. You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. This is how you shall eat it: with your belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord’s Passover. For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal. I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. The blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are. When I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. This day shall be a memorial for you. You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord. You shall keep it as a feast throughout your generations by an ordinance forever. “‘Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away yeast out of your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. In the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no kind of work shall be done in them, except that which every man must eat, only that may be done by you. You shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this same day I have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore, you shall observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance forever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty first day of the month at evening. There shall be no yeast found in your houses for seven days, for whoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a foreigner, or one who is born in the land. You shall eat nothing leavened. In all your habitations you shall eat unleavened bread.’” Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, “Draw out, and take lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover. You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin and strike the lintel and the two door posts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two door posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you. You shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons forever. It shall happen when you have come to the land which the Lord will give you, as he has promised, that you shall keep this service. It will happen, when your children ask you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ that you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and spared our houses.’” The people bowed their heads and worshiped. The children of Israel went and did so; as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. At midnight, the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock. Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead. He called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise up, get out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as you have said! Take both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also!” The Egyptians were urgent with the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, “We are all dead men.” The people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. The children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they asked of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and clothing. The Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. They plundered the Egyptians. The children of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot who were men, in addition to children. A mixed multitude went up also with them, with flocks, herds, and even very much livestock. They baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought out of Egypt; for it wasn’t leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt, and couldn’t wait, and they had not prepared any food for themselves. Now the time that the children of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years. At the end of four hundred thirty years, to the day, all of the Lord’s armies went out from the land of Egypt. It is a night to be much observed to the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt. This is that night of the Lord, to be much observed by all the children of Israel throughout their generations. The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner shall eat of it, but every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat of it. A foreigner and a hired servant shall not eat of it. It must be eaten in one house. You shall not carry any of the meat outside of the house. Do not break any of its bones. All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. When a stranger lives as a foreigner with you and would like to keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it. He shall be as one who is born in the land; but no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. One law shall be to him who is born at home, and to the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you.” All the children of Israel did so. As the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. That same day, the Lord brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.’–Exodus 12:1-51

 

‘The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Sanctify to me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of animal. It is mine.” Moses said to the people, “Remember this day, in which you came out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten. Today you go out in the month Abib. It shall be, when the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the Lord. Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and no leavened bread shall be seen with you. No yeast shall be seen with you, within all your borders. You shall tell your son in that day, saying, ‘It is because of that which the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ It shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the Lord’s law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. You shall therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year. “It shall be, when the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanite, as he swore to you and to your fathers, and will give it you, that you shall set apart to the Lord all that opens the womb, and every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have. The males shall be the Lord’s. Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck; and you shall redeem all the firstborn of man among your sons. It shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you shall tell him, ‘By strength of hand the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of livestock. Therefore, I sacrifice to the Lord all that opens the womb, being males; but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ It shall be for a sign on your hand, and for symbols between your eyes; for by strength of hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” When Pharaoh had let the people go, God didn’t lead them by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, “Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and they return to Egypt”; but God led the people around by the way of the wilderness by the Sea of Suf; and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt. Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had made the children of Israel swear, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones away from here with you.” They took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them on their way, and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light, that they might go by day and by night: the pillar of cloud by day, and the pillar of fire by night, didn’t depart from before the people.’–Exodus 13:1-22

  • Pharaoh’s heart was hardened again, and he and his entire army pursued the children of Israel into the wilderness.
  • When the children of Israel saw the armies coming:

‘Moses said to the people, “Don’t be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will work for you today; for you will never again see the Egyptians whom you have seen today. The Lord will fight for you, and you shall be still.” The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry to me? Speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward. Lift up your rod and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. Then the children of Israel shall go into the middle of the sea on dry ground. Behold, I myself will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they will go in after them. I will get myself honor over Pharaoh, and over all his armies, over his chariots, and over his horsemen. The Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord when I have gotten myself honor over Pharaoh, over his chariots, and over his horsemen.” The angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved, and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them, and stood behind them. It came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel. There was the cloud and the darkness yet gave it light by night. One didn’t come near the other all night. Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. The children of Israel went into the middle of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left. The Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the middle of the sea: all of Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. In the morning watch, the Lord looked out on the Egyptian army through the pillar of fire and of cloud and confused the Egyptian army. He took off their chariot wheels, and they drove them heavily; so that the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee from the face of Israel, for the Lord fights for them against the Egyptians!” The Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come again on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.” Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it. The Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. The waters returned, and covered the chariots and the horsemen, even all Pharaoh’s army that went in after them into the sea. There remained not so much as one of them. But the children of Israel walked on dry land in the middle of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left. Thus, the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. Israel saw the great work which the Lord did to the Egyptians, and the people feared the Lord; and they believed in the Lord and in his servant Moses.’–Exodus 14:13-31

  • After this time Moses led the people to the mountain of God where God gave them His commandments for how to live as redeemed people in His kingdom.
  • Some of the people began worshipping idols and were killed for it, some others grumbled and complained and wanted to return to Egypt.
  • Because of this lack of faith, they all ended up wandering in the wilderness for 40 years.
  • At the end of this story, drink the Cup of Instruction.

 

  1. Eat the Passover meal

 

  • Unleavened bread is known as the bread of affliction, the bread of humility, and the bread of haste.
  • We are commanded to eat the unleavened bread to remember that the children of Israel ate this bread when they came out of Egypt and for the remembrance of the death of Yeshua.

 

‘Purge out the old yeast, that you may be a new lump, even as you are unleavened. For indeed Messiah, our Passover, has been sacrificed in our place. Therefore, let’s keep the feast, not with old yeast, neither with the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. ‘–1 Corinthians 5:7-8

  • Take a piece of unleavened bread and say the blessing:

 

Blessed are you YHWH our God, King Eternal,

Who has given us bread to eat.

And who has sanctified us with your commandments

And has commanded us to eat unleavened bread.

Amen

 

  • Here you eat the bread.
  • At this time eat the Passover meal.
    • ..This meal you may choose to have lamb or not. The requirement for eating of the lamb was given in Deuteronomy as a commandment to eat it only “in the place which YHWH shall choose to cause His name to dwell” (Deuteronomy 16:1-7), namely the Holy city of Jerusalem where the tabernacle or temple would be placed. At this point it is only a memorial of what was commanded and for preparation for when it will be reestablished in the Millennial Reign.

 

  1. The Bread and Cup of Redemption

 

  • After the meal, remove (resurrect) the piece of bread that was placed under the cloth.
  • This piece will be used in the memorial of our Messiah Yeshua.

 

‘For I received from the Lord that which also I delivered to you, that the Lord Yeshua on the night in which he was betrayed took bread. When he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “Take, eat. This is my body, which is broken for you. Do this in memory of me.”

1 Corinthians 11:23-24

 

  • Take the bread and say the blessing:

 

Blessed are you YHWH our God, King Eternal,

Who has given us the true bread from heaven in

Our Messiah Yeshua. We remember His death,

Burial, and resurrection.

Amen

 

  • Break the bread and share with everyone.
  • Now pour the third cup of wine/juice which is called the Cup of Redemption.

 

‘In the same way he also took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink, in memory of me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes. Therefore, whoever eats this bread or drinks the Lord’s cup in a way unworthy of the Lord will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy way eats and drinks judgment to himself if he doesn’t discern the Lord’s body.

1 Corinthians 11:25-29

 

  • Take the drink and say the blessing:

 

Blessed are you YHWH our God, King Eternal,

Who has redeemed us from slavery and sin and

Given us the way of salvation through Messiah Yeshua.

We know that without the shedding of blood

There is no forgiveness, and we remember

 The blood of the Lamb.

Amen

 

  • Everyone drinks of the Cup of Redemption.

 

  1. The Cup of Praise

 

  • Pour the fourth cup of wine/juice.
  • This cup reminds us of the Wedding Supper of the Lamb that will take place with Messiah Yeshua returns.

 

‘He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, “All of you drink it, for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins. But I tell you that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Father’s Kingdom.” ‘

Matthew 26:27-29 (Mark 14:23-25, Luke 22:17-18

 

  • Drink the Cup of Praise and read a Psalms 113-118

 

Psalms 113

1Praise Yah! Praise, O servants of יהוה, Praise the Name of יהוה!

2Blessed be the Name of יהוה, Now and forever!

3From the rising of the sun to its going down, The Name of יהוה is praised.

4יהוה is high above all nations, His esteem above the heavens.

5Who is like יהוה our Elohim, who is enthroned on high?

6He looks down on the heavens and in the earth;

7He raises the poor out of the dust, Lifts the needy from a dunghill,

8To make him sit with the nobles, With the nobles of His people,

9Causing the barren woman to dwell in a house, A rejoicing mother of children. Praise Yah!

 

Psalms 114

1When Israel went out of Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

2Yehuḏah became His set-apart place, And Israel His rule.

3The sea saw it and fled; The Israel turned back.

4The mountains skipped like rams, The little hills like lambs.

5Why was it, O sea, that you fled? O Israel, that you turned back?

6O mountains, that you skipped like rams? O little hills, like lambs?

7Tremble, O earth, from the face of the Master, From the face of the God of Jacob

8Who turned the rock into a pool of water, The flint into a fountain of water.

 

Psalms 115

1Not to us, O יהוה, not to us, But to Your Name give esteem, For Your loving-commitment, For Your truth.

2Why should the nations say, “Where now is their Elohim?”

3But our Elohim is in the heavens; Whatever pleased Him, He has done.

4Their idols are silver and gold, The work of men’s hands.

5They have mouths, but they do not speak; They have eyes, but they do not see;

6They have ears, but they do not hear; They have noses, but they do not smell;

7They have hands, but they do not handle; They have feet, but they do not walk; They make no sound through their throat.

8The ones who make them, shall become like them – All who trust in them.

9O Israel, trust in יהוה; He is their help and their shield.

10O house of Aaron, trust in יהוה; He is their help and their shield.

11You who fear יהוה, trust in יהוה; He is their help and their shield.

12יהוה has remembered us; He blesses us; He blesses the house of Israel; He blesses the house of Aaron.

13He blesses those who fear יהוה, The small and the great.

14יהוה gives you increase more and more, You and your children.

15You are blessed by יהוה, who made the heavens and earth.

16The heavens are the heavens of יהוה; But He has given the earth to the children of men.

17The dead do not praise Yah, nor any going down to silence.

18But we, we bless Yah Now and forever. Praise Yah!

 

 

Psalms 116

1I love יהוה, because He has heard my voice, my pleas.

2Because He has inclined His ear to me, And I shall call throughout my days.

3The cords of death were around me, And the pains of She’ol came upon me; I found distress and sorrow.

4Then I called upon the Name of יהוה, “O יהוה, I pray to You, deliver my being!”

5יהוה shows favor and is righteous; And our Elohim is compassionate.

6יהוה guards the simple; I was brought low, but He saved me.

7Return to your rest, O my being, for יהוה has treated you well.

8For You have delivered my being from death, my eyes from tears, My feet from falling.

9I shall walk before יהוה in the land of the living.

10I have believed, for I speak; I have been greatly afflicted.

11I said in my haste, “All men are liars.”

12What shall I return to יהוה? All His bounties are upon me.

13I lift up the cup of deliverance and call upon the Name of יהוה.

14I pay my vows to יהוה Now in the presence of all His people.

15Precious in the eyes of יהוה Is the death of His lovingly-committed ones.

16O יהוה, I am truly Your servant, I am Your servant, the son of Your female servant; You have loosed my bonds.

17I slaughter You a slaughtering of thanksgiving and call upon the Name of יהוה.

18I pay my vows to יהוה in the presence of all His people,

19In the courts of the House of יהוה, In your midst, O Jerusalem. Praise Yah!

 

 

Psalms 117

1Praise יהוה, all you nations! Extol Him, all you peoples!

2For His loving-commitment is mighty over us, And the truth of יהוה is everlasting. Praise Yah!

 

 

Psalms 118

1Oh, give thanks to יהוה, for He is good! Because His loving-commitment is everlasting.

2Let Israel now say, “His loving-commitment is everlasting.”

3Let the house of Aaron now say, “His loving-commitment is everlasting.”

4Let those who fear יהוה now say, “His loving-commitment is everlasting.”

5I called on Yah in distress; Yah answered me in a broad place.

6יהוה is on my side; I do not fear what man does to me!

7יהוה is for me among those helping me; Therefore, I look on those hating me.

8It is better to take refuge in יהוה Than to trust in man.

9It is better to take refuge in יהוה Than to trust in princes.

10All the nations surrounded me, In the Name of יהוה I shall cut them off.

11They surrounded me, Yes, they surrounded me; In the Name of יהוה shall I cut them off.

12They surrounded me like bees; They were extinguished like burning thorns; In the Name of יהוה I shall cut them off.

13Pushing, the enemy pushed me to fall, but יהוה helped me.

14Yah is my strength and song, And He has become my deliverance.

15The voice of rejoicing and deliverance Is in the tents of the righteous; The right hand of יהוה is doing mightily.

16The right hand of יהוה is exalted, the right hand of יהוה acts mightily.

17Let me not die, but live, and declare the works of Yah.

18Yah has punished me severely but did not give me over to death.

19Open to me the gates of righteousness; I enter through them, I thank Yah.

20This is the gate of יהוה, the righteous enter through it.

21I thank You, For You have answered me, and have become my deliverance.

22The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief corner-stone.

23This was from יהוה, it is marvelous in our eyes.

24This is the day יהוה has made, let us rejoice and be glad in it.

25I pray, O יהוה, please save us now; I pray, O יהוה, please send prosperity.

26Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of יהוה. We shall bless you from the House of יהוה.

27יהוה is God, and He gave us light; Bind the festival offering with cords to the horns of the slaughter-place.

28You are my God, and I praise You; You are my Elohim, I exalt You.

29Give thanks to יהוה, for He is good! For His loving-commitment is everlasting.

 

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